Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Athletic Training

Evidence Hierarchy Pyramid

Not all articles are created equal. The type of article and study design makes a difference in terms of the quality of the information. The image below provides a visual of the best types of articles at the top and lower quality articles at each level down. Filtered information is another way of saying secondary articles. Unfiltered information is another way of saying primary articles or experiment studies.

Pyramid illustrating hierarchy of evidence

Critical Reading Questions

Purposes of article pieces