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Scholarly Communication: Research Impact

A brief guide on what's new in Scholarly Communication.

Metrics Toolkit

Measuring Research Impact

Click on each item for explanations and suggested tools. * = resources available to current JMU users only.


Introduction to Bibliometrics

This 3-minute video from the University of Technology, Syndey gives an overview of bibliometrics, including the impact factor.

Further Reading

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Page Contents

Scholarly Impact Glossary

Bibliometrics: umbrella term, coined in 1969, that describes quantitative analyses of scholarly publications. From the mid-20th century to the mid-2000s, its methods and metrics largely consisted of citation counts and impact factors (OED, 2014; Roemer & Borchadt, 2014).

Altmetrics (alternative metrics): movement begun in 2010 to supplement established bibliometrics by using new types of data to measure scholarly impact and quality for traditional as well as new types of output. Examples include refined article-level algorithms like Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), article download counts, and social media mentions or shares (Roemer & Borchadt, 2014).

Citation analysis: bibliometric technique in which the number and sources of formal citations in and of published works are examined to determine patterns of scholarly communication (Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science, 2013).