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Geology & Environmental Science

General geology and environmental science subject guide.

A citation...

  • describes a book, journal article, website, or other item;
  • gives credit to the originator of an idea, thus preventing plagiarism;
  • enables the reader to retrieve the item you refer to, and
  • includes the author, title, source (publisher and place of publication or URL), and date.

Failing to cite a source correctly is plagiarism. Plagiarism is an academic offense and could get you in serious trouble! But don't panic: as long as you follow the citation guidelines, you will be fine. And remember: when in doubt, cite. It is always better to include a citation that you don't need than to forget a citation that you do need.

Check out our Citing Sources Guide if you need more help!

Citing Sources

Citation Formats

Nature Style

11.  Authors Last Name, First Initial. Title of article. Journal abbrv. volume, 0000-0000 (year).

GSA Style

      Authors Last Name, First Initial., year, Title of article:

            Journal Title, v. , p. 0000-0000, doi:10...

Zotero

Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share research.