Ebook. "This book provides a comparative perspective of the impact of early European colonization on the native peoples of the Americas. It covers the character of the indigenous cultures before contact, and then addresses the impact of and creative ways in which they adapted to the establishment of colonies by the Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English."
Online access. "Vikings, conquistadors, French voyageurs--these and many others roamed an unknown continent in quest of grapes, gold, converts, even a cure for syphilis. Though most failed, their remarkable exploits left an enduring mark on the land and people encountered by late-arriving English settlers."
Primary source from Encyclopedia Virginia. "In this excerpt from an English translation of De Orbe Novo, originally published posthumously in Latin in 1530, the Italian historian Peter Martyr d'Anghiera tells the story of Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón, under whose partial auspices two ships in search of slaves sailed up the Atlantic coast of North America in July and August of 1521."