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An annual report by the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) organized by region and country. "The unique result of a collaborative effort between Indigenous and non-indigenous activists and scholars who voluntarily document and report on the situation of Indigenous Peoples’ rights."
Print book. "This is a story of despair and hope, the processes of conquest and colonization, race mixing and class construction, revolution and republic formation, and the elusive quests for sustained economic growth and political and social equality." Read the chapter "Encounter."
Chasteen, John Charles. 2011. “Encounter.” In Born in Blood and Fire: A Concise History of Latin America. 3rd ed. New York: W.W. Norton.
Ebook. "Theorizes the development of a unique form of racial masquerade--the representation of Whiteness as Indigeneity--during the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, from the 1930s to the 1950s."
García Blizzard, Mónica. The White Indians of Mexican Cinema : Racial Masquerade Throughout the Golden Age. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2022.
Ebook. "An indispensable analysis of the silences in our historical narratives, of what is omitted and what is recorded, what is remembered and what is forgotten, and what these silences reveal about inequalities of power."
Trouillot, Michel-Rolph. Silencing the Past Power and the Production of History. 20th Anniversary Edition. Boston: Beacon Press, 2015.
Stevens-Arroyo, Anthony M. “Juan Mateo Guaticabanú, September 21, 1496: Evangelization and Martyrdom in the Time of Columbus.” The Catholic Historical Review 82, no. 4 (1996): 614–36. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25024816.
Burmila, Ed. “The Invention of Christopher Columbus, American Hero.” The Nation, October 9, 2017. https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/the-invention-of-christopher-columbus-american-hero/
“Argentina Takes down Columbus Statue from Pedestal.” San Diego Union-Tribune, June 29, 2013. https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/sdut-argentina-takes-down-columbus-statue-from-pedestal-2013jun29-story.html.
“Christopher Columbus Monument Removal, Buenos Aires, Argentina.” World History Commons. Accessed [date]. https://worldhistorycommons.org/christopher-columbus-monument-removal-buenos-aires-argentina
Frei, Cheryl Jiménez. “Columbus, Juana and the Politics of the Plaza: Battles over Monuments, Memory and Identity in Buenos Aires.” Journal of Latin American Studies 51, no. 3 (2019): 607–38.
Ebook. "Aims to promote knowledge, understanding and the truth of Black History in an important but often overlooked former Spanish colony of Argentina."
Gayle, Pamela. The Black History Truth - Argentina : No Hay Gente Negroes Acqui (There Are No Black People Here). La Vergne: Grosvenor House Publishing, 2022.
French, Howard W. “Santo Domingo Journal; for Columbus Lighthouse, a Fete That Fizzled.” The New York Times, September 25, 1992. https://www.nytimes.com/1992/09/25/world/santo-domingo-journal-for-columbus-lighthouse-a-fete-that-fizzled.html
“The Columbus Lighthouse: A Homage to the Discovery.” Barceló Experiences. Accessed [date]. https://www.barcelo.com/guia-turismo/en/dominican-republic/republica-dominicana/things-to-do/faro-a-colon/
Ebook. "The history of how six Latin American countries acknowledge--or deny--their African past 12.5 million Africans were shipped to the New World during the Middle Passage." Read the chapter “The Dominican Republic: ‘Black behind the Ears.’”
Gates, Henry Louis. “The Dominican Republic: ‘Black behind the Ears.’” In Black in Latin America, 119–45. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
Farah, Douglas. “Light for Columbus Dims.” The Washington Post, September 1, 1992. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1992/09/01/light-for-columbus-dims/f099a9cf-2f42-4597-80a0-61398e48314d/
Ebook. "Designed as a survey and focused on key examples and movements arranged chronologically from 1903 to 2003, this is the first comprehensive history of modern architecture in Latin America in any language." Read the chapter "The Columbus Memorial Lighthouse Competition Sparks an Investigation into what Architecture for Latin America Should Be Like"
Carranza, Luis E., and Fernando Luiz. Lara. "The Columbus Memorial Lighthouse Competition Sparks an Investigation into what Architecture for Latin America Should Be Like." In Modern Architecture in Latin America : Art, Technology, and Utopia, 42-46. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2014.
Ebook. "Critically surveys a wide selection of travel practices, places, and time periods in considering the development of the hospitality industry in Latin America and the Caribbean." Read the chapter “‘Created by God’ (or Columbus?) For Tourism: Building Tourism Fantasy in the Dominican Republic, 1966–1978”
Manley, Elizabeth. “‘Created by God’ (or Columbus?) For Tourism: Building Tourism Fantasy in the Dominican Republic, 1966–1978.” In The Business of Leisure: Tourism History in Latin America and the Caribbean, edited by Andrew Grant Wood, 245–76. University of Nebraska Press, 2021.
Ebook. "Despite its significance in the history of Spanish colonialism, the Dominican Republic is familiar to most outsiders through only a few elements of its past and culture. Non-Dominicans may be aware that the country shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti and that it is where Christopher Columbus chose to build a colony."
Roorda, Eric, Lauren Derby, and Raymundo González, eds. The Dominican Republic Reader : History, Culture, Politics. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014.
Ebook. "When Columbus arrived in the Americas, the first people he encountered were the Tainos, inhabitants of the islands of the northern Caribbean Sea. In this book a noted archeologist and anthropologist tells the story of the Tainos from their ancestral days on the South American continent to their rapid decline after contact with the Spanish explorers."
Rouse, Irving. The Tainos : Rise & Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
“El Parque Colón, Reconocido Como El Mejor Espacio Público.” Diario Libre, June 29, 2009. https://www.diariolibre.com/actualidad/el-parque-coln-reconocido-como-el-mejor-espacio-pblico-FKDL205374
Agren, David. “Don’t Call Us Traitors: Descendants of Cortés’s Allies Defend Role in Toppling Aztec Empire.” The Gaurdian, August 13, 2021. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/aug/13/mexico-tlaxcala-aztec-empire-anniversary
Kurmanaev, Anatoly, and Oscar Lopez. “Mexico City Replaces a Statue of Columbus With One of an Indigenous Woman.” The New York Times, October 14, 2021. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/14/world/americas/mexico-columbus-statue-indigenous.html
Associated Press. “Monument Honoring Indigenous Women to Replace Columbus Statue in Mexico City.” NPR. October 12, 2021. https://www.npr.org/2021/10/12/1045357312/indigenous-woman-sculpture-mexico-city.
Ebook. "Through specific discussions of the native peoples of the different regions of Mexico, the chapters on the period since the arrival of the Europeans address the themes of contact, exchange, transfer, survivals, continuities, resistance, and the emergence of modern nationalism and the nation-state."
Adams, Richard E. W., and Murdo J MacLeod. The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol. 2, Mesoamerica. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Wade, Lizzie. “People from Mexico show stunning amount of genetic diversity.” Science. June 12, 2014. https://www.science.org/content/article/people-mexico-show-stunning-amount-genetic-diversity
Ebook. "The history of how six Latin American countries acknowledge--or deny--their African past 12.5 million Africans were shipped to the New World during the Middle Passage." Read the chapter "Mexico: 'The Black Grandma in the Closet.'"
Gates, Henry Louis. “Mexico: ‘The Black Grandma in the Closet.’” In Black in Latin America, 59–90. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
Andrew, Scottie. “A Statue of Christopher Columbus in Mexico City Will Be Replaced by One of an Indigenous Woman.” CNN, September 6, 2021. https://www.cnn.com/2021/09/06/americas/columbus-statue-indigenous-woman-mexico-city-cec/index.html
"Cortés's letters to the Emperor from Mexico are half-letters, half-despatches. The letters were all written between 1519 and 1526... Letter Three: This letter covers the advance of Cortés into Culua, the assault on the capital itself and the various enterprises undertaken by the Conqueror to extend his power throughout Mexico."
Cortés, Hernando. Five Letters, 1519-1526. London: Routledge, 2014.
McGreevy, Nora. “Monument to Indigenous Women Will Replace Columbus Statue in Mexico City.” Smithsonian Magazine, September 9, 2021. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/monument-indigenous-women-will-replace-columbus-statue-mexico-city-180978609/
Associated Press. “Mexico City Marks Columbus Day Without Statue of Columbus.” AP News. October 12, 2020. https://apnews.com/article/lifestyle-religion-mexico-mexico-city-columbus-day-60bdc08a7606b41a4825d467d97c5f6c
Hsu, Hua. "The New Monuments that America Needs: Every Statue Defends an Idea About History, but What if Those Ideas Are Wrong?." The New Yorker, Sept. 15, 2020. https://www.newyorker.com/culture/culture-desk/the-new-monuments-that-america-needs
Emba, Christine. “A Monumental Shift: Memorials to White Supremacy Are Falling. What Will Replace Them?.” The Washington Post, June 17, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/opinions/confederate-statues-monuments/
Beatty, Bob. “Six Strategies for Dealing with Controversial Monuments and Memorials.” Hyperallergic. June 7, 2018. https://hyperallergic.com/445981/six-strategies-for-dealing-with-controversial-monuments-and-memorials/
Carlisle, Madeleine. “Confederate Monuments and Other Disputed Memorials Have Come Down in Cities Across America. What Should Take Their Place?” Time, July 28, 2020. https://time.com/5869866/replace-confederate-statues/
Copeland, Cody. “Anti-Monumentalism in Mexico: Making Visible What the State Would Rather Hide.” Courthouse News Service. August 13, 2022. https://www.courthousenews.com/anti-monumentalism-in-mexico-making-visible-what-the-state-would-rather-hide/
Shivaram, Deepa. “An Emancipation Statue Debuts In Virginia Two Weeks After Robert E. Lee Was Removed.” NPR. September 22, 2021. https://www.npr.org/2021/09/22/1039333919/new-emancipation-statue-richmond-virginia-monument
Online exhibition by the Library of Congress. "The exhibition examines the first sustained contacts between American people and European explorers, conquerors and settlers from 1492 to 1600. During this period, in the wake of Columbus's voyages, Africans also arrived in the hemisphere, usually as slaves. All of these encounters, some brutal and traumatic, others more gradual, irreversibly changed the way in which peoples in the Americas led their lives."
"1492: An Ongoing Voyage." Library of Congress. Accessed [date]. https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/1492/
Rogers, Kristen. “Afro-Cuban Artist Reimagines Renaissance Art with Black People at the Center.” CNN. September 18, 2021. https://www.cnn.com/2023/09/17/style/harmonia-rosales-master-narrative-renaissance-exhibit/index.html
Miller, M.H. “Tyree Guyton Turned a Detroit Street Into a Museum. Why Is He Taking It Down?” New York Times Magazine, May 9, 2019. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/09/magazine/tyree-guyton-art-detroit.html