Alternative formats: When assessing student work in an online environment, you will need to provide more detailed instructions to ensure that expectations are clear. Alternative formats for assessment, with a focus on core goals, will ameliorate the barriers caused by the lack of face-to-face assessment environments and interaction with students. These alternative summative (graded) methods can include assessment of online discussion, assessment of student summative, synthetic, and reflective presentations (Sambell & McDowell, 1998), peer assessment of student group work (Freeman, 1995), and constructed responses assessment (Stanger-Hall, 2012).
Accessibility: There are many low-tech and asynchronous assessments options to consider. For instance, students can complete assignments using the following options:
Rubrics: Consider using rubrics to help students understand how they will be assessed. A complete sample rubric can be found at this Canvas course we've created for JMU instructors (join by signing in with JMU e-ID and password).
An asynchronous test is a quiz, exam, or graded item set in Canvas that can be completed within a range of time instead of at a specific time.
A synchronous test is one that requires the teacher and students to log in to the system at the same time. An example would be using Canvas Quizzes. Once a quiz is published in Canvas Quizzes, an instructor can moderate the quiz. If technology permits, an instructor can also use WebEx to proctor the exam. Jump down to the section (lower on this page) about using WebEx to proctor exams to learn more.
When you're deciding whether to use synchronous or asynchronous exams, you may want to consider these key factors:
Question banks can enable randomized question selection for students and can ensure students don’t all have the same set of questions. This is one way to help increase test security and academic integrity. Visit this LinkedIIn Learning video with your JMU e-ID to learn about how-tos.
Note: For JMU LinkedIn Learning, please log in with JMU e-ID and DUO authentication:
Please consider carefully the need for any test time limitations before putting them in place. Students with limited connection speed or slower technology may require more time for pages to load thus effectively reducing their test time.
Providing adequate response time for test or quiz questions can help replicate face to face testing. Note, the ticking clock built into timed assessments may increase student test anxiety. The average time for multiple-choice types of questions is one minute or so per question, according to this Chronicle of Higher Education discussion forum.
To limit answer sharing and provide you with the opportunity to discuss an assessment with students, check “Let Students See The Correct Answers” by selecting a specific date after the quiz or exam has been completed by everyone in the class. We recommend having a dialogue with your students after the quiz or exam.
Below is a screenshot showing how to turn on Turnitin Review in Canvas Assignments using the "upload files" submission type. Visit this Turnitin Review Guide for more information.
View statistics for quizzes that have been published and have at least one submission. You can also download comma separate value (CSV) files to view Student Analysis or Item Analysis for each quiz question. More details can be found in the quiz statistics guide within Canvas Community.
Use course access analytics in Canvas to inform online learning assessment. In the "People" menu, the three vertical dots associated with an individual student name provides a summary of student access to the course content.
Use Student Tab within Course statistics in Course settings to understand whether an individual student has visited canvas.jmu.edu in general, NOT a specific course, to keep connected.
Respondus LockDown Browser™ is a secure browser for taking exams in Canvas. It prevents students from printing, copying, going to another URL, or accessing other applications during an assessment. If a Canvas exam requires that Respondus LockDown Browser be used, students will not be able to take the test with a standard web browser.
Respondus LockDown Browser should only be used for Canvas tests. It should not be used in other areas of Canvas.
We highly recommend you create a practice exam for students to they can practice using Lockdown Browser before taking the actual exam. This will help minimize technical problems and confusion during an exam.
Note: Respondus Lockdown Browser does not work with Chromebooks.
How to create an exam with Respondus LockDown Browser in Canvas